After you’ve gotten your head around calories, there might again come a point when you feel you want to take things further…
This is when you can start to look at macros. Macros are the 3 food groups our bodies need to survive:
Each Macro plays a very important role therefor is important to ensure you include all 3 in your eating plans. This is what makes it healthy and balanced.
Protein is the basic building material of just about everything in your body.
Protein helps build muscle and/or prevents muscle loss if you are in a calorie deficit.
Protein controls appetite and staves off hunger better than fats or carbs as it causes you to feel full longer.
Protein requires more energy than other macros for your body to digest, thus effectively burning more calories gram for gram through the digestion process.
All of these reasons make high-protein diets great for fat loss.
Official Calorie count is: 4 calories per 1g Protein
Fat is an essential nutrient required to keep your brain and just about everything else running smoothly
Fats are required to live and are necessary for brain function, vitamin absorption and hormone regulation among other things. In fact, one of the most immediate side effects of a low fat diet is a severe drop in testosterone production and sex drive.
If our muscles can be said to be fuelled by carbs and built by protein, your brain can be said to be fuelled by carbs and built by fat.
Official Calorie Count: 9 calories per 1g of fat.
Carbohydrates provide fuel for the central nervous system and energy for working muscles.
They are an influence on mood, memory, etc., as well as a quick energy source.
Carbohydrates are found in foods you know are good for you (vegetables) and ones you know are not (doughnuts).
Carbs usually considered good are complex carbs, such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans and legumes. These are not only processed more slowly, but they also contain a bounty of other nutrients.
Simple carbs usually considered as bad carbs are present in fizzy juice and syrups. However, these foods are made with processed and refined sugars and do not have vitamins, minerals or fibre. They are called "empty calories" and can lead to weight gain if over consumed.
Official Calorie Count: 4 calories per 1g of carbohydrates